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CentOS 6.5下NFS安装配置

时间:2015-04-08 16:14来源:heminjie.com 作者:heminjie.com 举报 点击:

一、环境介绍
 
  NFS服务器:CentOS6.5 192.168.0.10
  NFS客户端:CentOS6.5 192.168.0.11
 
二、服务器端安装配置
 
1、先用rpm -qa命令查看所需安装包(nfs-utils、rpcbind)是否已经安装:

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[root@local /]# rpm -qa | grep "rpcbind"
rpcbind-0.2.0-11.el6.x86_64
[root@local /]# rpm -qa | grep "nfs"
nfs-utils-1.2.3-39.el6.x86_64
nfs4-acl-tools-0.3.3-6.el6.x86_64
nfs-utils-lib-1.1.5-6.el6.x86_64

2、如查询结果如上,说明服务器自身已经安装了NFS,如果没有安装,则用yum命令来安装:

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[root@local /]# yum -y install nfs-utils rpcbind

3、创建共享目录:

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[root@local /]# mkdir /sharestore

4、NFS共享文件路径配置:
编辑/etc/exports添加下面一行,添加后保存退出。

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[root@local /]# vi /etc/exports
/sharestore     *(rw,sync,no_root_squash)

5、启动NFS服务(先启动rpcbind,再启动nfs;如果服务器自身已经安装过NFS,那就用restart重启两个服务):

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[root@local /]# service rpcbind start
Starting rpcbind:                                          [  OK  ]
[root@local /]# service nfs start
Starting NFS services:                                     [  OK  ]
Starting NFS quotas:                                       [  OK  ]
Starting NFS mountd:                                       [  OK  ]
Stopping RPC idmapd:                                       [  OK  ]
Starting RPC idmapd:                                       [  OK  ]
Starting NFS daemon:                                       [  OK  ]
[root@local /]#

6、设置NFS服务开机自启动:

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[root@local /]# chkconfig rpcbind on
[root@local /]# chkconfig nfs on

三、客户端挂载配置
 
1、创建一个挂载点:

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[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /mnt/store

2、查看NFS服务器上的共享:

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[root@localhost /]# showmount -e 192.168.0.10
Export list for 192.168.0.10:
/sharestore *

3、挂载:

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[root@localhost ~]# mount -t nfs 192.168.0.10:/sharestore /mnt/store

4、查看已挂载共享:

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[root@localhost ~]# mount
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root on / type ext4 (rw)
proc on /proc type proc (rw)
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,gid=5,mode=620)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw)
/dev/sda1 on /boot type ext4 (rw)
/dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home on /home type ext4 (rw)
none on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type binfmt_misc (rw)
sunrpc on /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs type rpc_pipefs (rw)
nfsd on /proc/fs/nfsd type nfsd (rw)
192.168.0.10:/mailstore1/ on /mailstore_new type nfs (rw,vers=4,addr=192.168.0.10,clientaddr=192.

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